Types of Miscarriage

Types of Miscarriages exist for certain reason. There are certain events leading up to the process of a miscarriage. It’s important to understand the many miscarriage types and stages. The knowledge of why and when certain types of miscarriages happen is needful so that you can initiate timely preventive measures, when possible.

Types of Miscarriage:

Chemical pregnancy- This is the earliest type of miscarriage and it often occurs even before the woman has an inkling that she is pregnant. In chemical pregnancies, heartbeats are never detected because the fertilized egg would have died shortly after an implantation. This is often as a result of chromosomal abnormalities.

Threatened Miscarriage: This type occurs usually within the first 20 weeks of pregnancy and is evidenced by vaginal bleeding, back and abdominal pain and severe cramps. In a threatened miscarriage, the cervix may not open despite a uterine bleeding but if the cervix eventually does, the pregnancy will be lost. Threatened miscarriages, does not end in a miscarriage sometimes. Once the cramps, abdominal pain and bleeding ceases, the pregnancy stays and the mother will have a healthy baby in the end. Though there isn’t much that can be done to prevent a threatened miscarriage, it is best to consult your doctor once you notice symptoms, so that you can be put under examination. Bed rest is also recommended as it can sometimes help the cervix remain closed.

Inevitable Miscarriage: Just like the threatened miscarriage, an inevitable miscarriage occurs within the first 20 weeks of pregnancy and is accompanied by vaginal bleeding, back and abdominal pain and severe cramps. The difference in an inevitable miscarriage is that there is a dilation of the cervical canal, opening to make way for the fetal passage. Inevitable miscarriages may come as a threatened miscarriage first and at other times, it may just happen with no warnings. In an inevitable miscarriage, there is much more severe bleeding, a likely rupture of the membranes, stronger cramps and abdominal pain.

An open cervix is a sure indication that the developing pregnancy will be miscarried.

Incomplete Miscarriage –This comes with intense vaginal bleeding, severe abdominal pain and cramps. This miscarriage is also characterized by a dilated and open cervix, expelling the developing fetus from the womb. In an incomplete miscarriage, an ultra sound is used to detect fragments of fetal tissues in the uterus that have not been passed, which may cause continued bleeding. In incomplete miscarriages, there is often need for the dilatation of the cervix and curettage of the uterus (D&C) to remove the remnants of the fetal tissue

Complete miscarriage – This is often characterized by serious vaginal bleeding and abdominal pain. Here the cervix opens, emptying and passing out all the fetal tissues and pregnancy remnants from the uterus. In a complete miscarriage, vaginal bleeding and pain is bound to subside quickly. A complete miscarriage is usually accompanied by intense pain, almost like that of labor, as the uterus contracts to expel the fetal tissues. It is always best to go for an ultrasound just to confirm that the miscarriage was complete.

Missed Miscarriage:  This is when the embryo dies but is not expelled from the uterus. A lot of women may not know when they have a missed miscarriage, expect there is a cessation of pregnancy symptoms. In some cases, the pregnancy symptoms may continue without the woman knowing that the fetus no longer has heart sounds except detected by an ultrasound. It is best to go for regular medical checks during a pregnancy, so that should there be a case of a missed miscarriage, a D&C will be promptly performed/

Recurrent Miscarriage – These are repeated miscarriages in a row, experienced by a woman within the first 20 weeks of pregnancy. It is best to seek medical solutions so that possible preventive measures can be put in place to prevent further miscarriages from happening.

Ectopic pregnancy– In ectopic pregnancies, the foetus rarely survives as the implantation of the fertilized eggs occurred outside the uterus. This implantation often happens in the fallopian tube and can cause very fatal complications for the mother. Most women do not know that they have had an ectopic pregnancy until they begin to experience severe vaginal bleeding and pain.


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