Brain Injury – The brain is a very powerful organ which not only begins its formation by the third week of pregnancy but continues to develop in a lifetime. Children are more susceptible to brain injury because they are less mindful and engage more in playful activities. Lots of brain injuries in children go untreated because they may not know to report a condition, like an adult would. In some cases, if the child is lucky, the injuries though unreported, may heal on their own without further complications.
A brain injury will vary from one child to another. For some children, they may be mild or short-term injuries. For others it may lead to severe disorientation, unconsciousness or a permanent loss of memory. Most children acquire brain damages by falling from a considerable distance, rough play, being hit or struck, road accidents, a sudden cessation of the heartbeat, brain infection and tumors.
Brain injury in children should be taken very seriously as the bulk of the energy a child expends lies in the brain. Typically, the heaviest part of a child’s body is the head; this is why it is easier to injure the neck or head should there be a fall. Again, the skull is still at its formation stage, hence it is a lot thinner and prone to injury. More so, the brain is still developing at this stage and this vulnerability exposes it to a lot of trauma if an accident were to happen. This is because any form of trauma to the brain can jeopardize its development or cause permanent problems because the nerves have not fully connected.
Brain injury in children is even worse than that of adults because the brains development at the time may not make the trauma readily obvious. In comparison to the adult brain, a child’s brain is more open to learning and picking up new experiences, however it is more prone to developmental issues which may not be noticed until a long time.
In the face of a severe brain injury, a child may not even lose consciousness, unlike an adult and this can be mistaken to mean that everything is alright, while a great damage has been done. Only when they get, older will it become obvious, that a part of the brain was damaged and may remain malfunctioned. Damages as a result of a forceful hit or fall are even more dangerous. Usually, it will hit on one side of the skull and probably bounce to the other side and hit it as well, causing severe nerve damage.
One way to tell if a child has had an unreported brain damage is through the cognitive behavior as the child grows older. The child’s inability to use certain skills, showcase an independent ability and some other developmental defects may now become obvious many years after the injury even occurred. The older the child grows, the more noticeable these problems are and by the time the child makes a full development, the depth of the brain damage can now be verified and sadly there may be no remedy.
A lot of childhood brain injuries are not often diagnosed or misdiagnosed and this is the reason for a number of social and learning difficulties in growing children. These children may be mistaken as being mentally imbalanced or disabled and could be given the wrong medication.