Abortion, No one readily wants to abort an intended pregnancy. Pregnancy is mostly a thing of joy for most women, hence it can be very agonizing to decide on an abortion. There are lots of spoken, unspoken criticisms and diverse views regarding abortion and truthfully, there are valid points to most of the views. The most valid, being that having explored all other options, medical conditions are good reasons to terminate a planned pregnancy and even the unplanned ones. Sometimes, an abortion is the sole or most viable medical solution. This is especially in cases where there will be a resultant fatal birth defect that will affect or question the longevity of the baby’s life or put the mother’s life in great danger.
At least, 2 out of every 30 pregnancies are at a risk of critical health factors that most likely endangers the baby or mother’s life. In some of these distress pregnancies, there might already be indications of a miscarriage as there might have been vaginal spotting, bleeding and abdominal pain. It is always medically advised to opt for an elective abortion of the pregnancy rather than allow the miscarriage to come to fruition as it has more far weighing consequences and complications for the mother.
Medical reasons for an abortion are;
For the baby
Absence of a fetal heartbeat using a heartbeat monitor or ultrasound
A decline in HCG blood levels
Critical defects or damage of vital organs that will affect the longevity of the child’s life, especially immediately after delivery
Stunted growth or an almost undeveloped back and spine
For the Mother:
Liver malfunction or damage
Very malignant tumors or anemia
Mental and psychological disorders
Severe epilepsy and seizures
Problems with the blood vessels
Preeclampsia at its most severe form
Types of Abortions
Abortions are characterized into Medical and Surgical.
Medical Abortions– This is common in the early weeks of pregnancy and most women opt for it because they think it’s the most natural way to end a pregnancy. Some of the examples are:
Methotrexate & Misoprostol (MTX): This is a form of toxic chemical which is used to penetrate into the fetus’ developing cells and breaks down its support system, putting an end to its survival. Misoprostol is used after the baby’s life system has been cut off by Methotrexate so as to push the now lifeless fetus out.
Mifepristone and Misoprostol: This obstructs the hormones responsible for providing important nutrients and protection to the fetus. This then ends the fetus’ chance of survival as they are no nutrients to help its development. Just as with Methotrexate, Misoprostol is again used to remove the lifeless fetus from the womb.
Surgical Abortions- This is sometimes typical in advanced pregnancies, especially later in the first trimester or the second trimester.
Dilation & Curettage (D & C): Here, the cervix is dilated and a spoon or loop shaped surgical instrument is used to scrape the uterine lining. Fetal body parts and tissues are removed thereafter.
Suction Aspiration: Here, a suction tube is inserted into the mother’s uterus so that the sharp ends of the tubes can disintegrate and suction out the body parts of the fetus and placenta.
Dilation and Extraction – Having dilated the cervix, the uterine walls are removed by a surgical equipment and this ends the life of the fetus. Body parts are now targeted, dismembered and suctioned out, whilst also removing fetal tissues. Forces may also be used to disintegrate well-formed body parts and expelled from the womb. This is also known as partial birth abortion.
Whatever the case may be, abortions can only be recommended by your doctor and not imposed. Be sure to explore all other medical options for your condition and choose what best for you and your unborn baby.